E39 series BMW 5

since 1996-2001 of release

Repair and car operation



E39 BMW
+ Introduction
- Maintenance instruction
   Governing bodies, devices and control lamps
   Locking devices and anticreeping alarm system
   Salon equipment
   Safety systems
   Fuel filling, start and engine stop
   Parking brake
   Manual box of gear shifting (RKPP)
   Automatic transmission (AT) *
   Tempostat
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at a parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilization of stability with a regulator of traction effort (ASC+T)
   Electronic adjustment of rigidity of amortization (EDC) * and adjustment of a road gleam
   Lighting
   Heating and ventilation system
   Automatic кондиционер*
   Independent systems of heating and ventilation
   System самодиагностики*
   Traveling computer
   Running in
   Catalytic converter
   Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS)
   Movement with the trailer
   Luggage carrier on a roof
   Automobile телефон*
   Radio reception
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Automobile radio receiver
   Hi-Fi type audiosystem with DSP*
   Sign emergency остановки*
   Аптечка*
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics





Automatic transmission (AT) *

Automatic transmission of your BMW is equipped with an adaptive control system (AGS). The adaptive control system of a transmission (AGS) chooses for the cars equipped with AT, the most acceptable mode of gear shifting, considering thus a set of factors. The system takes into consideration your individual style of driving, traffic conditions, a condition of the road and a transport situation.

The AGS system defines your individual style of driving, estimating situation and a course of a pedal of an accelerator, delay when braking and the cross-section accelerations influencing the car on turns. - from exclusively comfortable to focused on the maximum use of possibilities of the car - the AGS system chooses the most suitable from four various options in this situation.

With a view of the accounting of traffic conditions the system registers turns, liftings and biases. When passing turns at great speed it does not make switchings on overgears. On liftings switching on overgears is carried out only at high frequency of rotation better to use moshchnostny possibilities of the engine. On descents the system makes switchings on low gears if it registers increase in speed of the car and pressing of a pedal of a brake.

As to the accounting of a condition of the road, the AGS system supervises factor of coupling between tires and a road cloth. On snow or at ice it is automatically switched to the winter program. For a troganiye from a place the second transfer is used, switchings on an overgear are carried out beforehand, and on descents in mountains, despite pressing of a pedal of a brake, switchings on low gears are not carried out. It allows you is thinner to feel a situation and promotes bigger traffic safety. As soon as the system distinguishes the road with good coupling properties, it will be switched to the usual program. The winter program also is disconnected, if you transfer AT control lever from situation "D" to the situation "S", "3" or "2" and also if you switch off ASC+Т system.

The AGS system in a condition to define a transport situation that provides the greatest possible comfort. So, for example, she distinguishes movement in "jams" and leaves included only the second transfer until will define increase in the capacity spent for dispersal.

Certainly, the automatic transmission can be operated and manually. You can use completely car possibilities if will transfer AT control lever from situation "D" to the situation "S", "3" or "2". Provisions "3" and "2" limit the most admissible transfer. Situation "2" serves, first of all for movement on abrupt mountain roads, at big loading of the car.

Provision of a control lever of AT

P, R, N, D, S, 3, 2
Indication of the chosen transfer is various and caused by a complete set of your car.

Change of provision of a control lever of AT

Start-up of the engine is possible only at installation of a control lever of AT in situation P or N.

Before inclusion of transfer of a forward course press a brake pedal as the car if such transfer is included, slowly will move even idling.

Having transferred the lever to the situation corresponding to a forward course, wait the moment of inclusion of transfer accompanied by a little push, and only after that press an accelerator pedal.

Before you will leave the car with working engine, transfer AT control lever to situation P or N and tighten the parking brake.

On the forward party of the handle of a control lever of AT is available (the button of blocking preventing erroneous transfer of the lever in some of provisions is shown by an arrow).

For removal of blocking press the button.

At erroneous transfer of the lever to situation N at movement on high turns at once dump gas. Wait, while the engine will not reach idling turns and after that transfer the lever to the necessary situation.

R - lay situation
Include only after a car stop.

R-backing
Include only after a full stop of the car.

N-neutral situation
Include only at long breaks in movement. Inclusion is under way allowed only in case of danger of drift of the car.

D-the main mode of movement with automatic gear shifting
This situation corresponds to a normal mode of movement. All transfers all transfers of a forward course are automatically switched. Functioning of AGS system is not limited absolutely not.

S-sports program
At such provision of a control lever of AT the AGS system uses exclusively sports program. AT makes switchings before the 4th transfer (at BMW 525tds before the 5th transfer).
It is recommended to pass to the sports program in case - irrespective of the actual manner of driving - there is a desire to realize the mode of gear shifting focused on use of the available stock of capacity.

3 and 2 - movement on mountain roads and in a braking mode
Include for restriction of number of working transfers, for example, on steep slopes or descents in mountains. Switchings are carried out automatically, however only before the chosen limiting transfer.
In situation 3 the sports program joins.
Situation 2 thanks to the corresponding selection of transfer numbers especially conveniently at trailer towage.

The transmission is switched to a low gear at the corresponding falling of speed.

Mode of the maximum acceleration (Kick-Down)

Joins by pressing of a pedal of an accelerator against the stop. At this AT lowers transfer for the greatest acceleration of the car.

Electronic control system of gear shifting

If the control lamp lights up, or on the display of system of automatic diagnostics there is “Getriebenotprogramm” message (The emergency program of management of a transmission), that, means, there was a malfunction or in electronics operating switchings, or in the box.

Thus possibility of transfer of a control lever of AT in any of provisions remains, however at inclusion of a forward course the car will move only on the fourth or fifth transfer.

Therefore follows, avoiding the raised loadings, to reach to the next STOA BMW.

Works in podkapotny space by no means cannot be carried out at installation of a control lever of AT to the provision of movement.

Rules of start-up of the engine and from the external accumulator, and also towage of the faulty car are stated by towage in Poddomkrachivaniye's Section and towage.

Steptronic* system

Though your car also is equipped with AT with AGS system, you, nevertheless, can use and manual gear shifting.

For manual gear shifting transfer AT control lever from situation D to the left to the M/S line. Thereby you make active the sports program of gear shifting. A lever contact in the direction “+” or “-” you give team to Steptronic system on gear shifting, transfer the lever to the right to situation D.

Possible positions of the lever of the selector

P, R, N, D, M/S

D
S
M
+

— Adaptive program
— Sports program
— Manual switching
— Switching on overgears
— Switching on low gears

Indication of provision of a control lever of AT is various depending on a car complete set.

The adaptive program (the provision D of a control lever of AT) will allow you to use advantages of AGS system.

To manual switching you will find explanations in the M/S mode below.

Change of position of the lever

On the forward party of the handle of a control lever of AT is available (it is shown by an arrow) the button of blocking preventing erroneous transfer of the lever in provisions R and R.Dlya of removal of blocking it is necessary to press this button.

Start-up of the engine is possible only at installation of a control lever of AT in situation P or N.

Before inclusion of transfer of a forward course press a brake pedal as the car if such transfer is included, slowly will move even idling.

Having transferred the lever to the situation corresponding to a forward course, wait the moment of inclusion of transfer accompanied by a little push, and only after that press an accelerator pedal.

If you want to leave the car, without switching off the engine, transfer AT control lever to situation P or N and tighten the parking brake.

At erroneous transfer of the lever to situation N at movement on high turns at once dump gas. Wait, while the engine will not reach idling turns and after that transfer the lever to the necessary situation.

R - lay situation
Include only after a full stop of the car. Driving wheels are blocked.

R-backing transfer
Include only after a car stop.

N-neutral situation
Include only at long breaks in movement. Inclusion is under way allowed only in case of danger of drift of the car.

D-the main mode of movement with automatic gear shifting
Corresponds to a normal mode of movement. All transfers of a forward course are automatically switched. The AGS system is in working condition.

Mode of the maximum acceleration (Kick-Down)

For fast acceleration the pedal of an accelerator can be pressed with transition for the provision of full gas. The point of the increased resistance should be thus passable.

M/S - the Manual mode and the sports program
Upon transition from a mode D in the M/S mode the sports program to what emergence of a letter S on the indicator of the chosen program of gear shifting testifies becomes more active.

In situation S the AGS system uses only the most sports program of gear shifting. AT will be switched only before the 4th transfer.

It is recommended to pass to the sports program in case - irrespective of the actual manner of driving - there is a desire to realize the mode of gear shifting focused on use of the available stock of capacity.

If you translate the lever forward in the direction “+”, the box is switched to an overgear, and when translating lever in the direction “-” it is switched to a low gear. At the same time the first contact causes transition to manual control.

On the indicator of the chosen transfer depending on a complete set of the car it is highlighted 1... 5 or М1... М5.

Inadmissible switchings on raised or low gears are ignored, for example, switchings on low gears at too high turns of the engine are not carried out. On an instrument guard for some time there is an indication of the chosen transfer. At consecutive performance of several switchings for short time the inadmissible transfer is highlighted chosen as the last. Then on indication the transfer included at the moment is deduced.

At movement in a manual mode for acceleration from the 4th or 5th transfer at low speed - for example, when overtaking - switching on a low gear should be carried out manually or and Kick-Down function use.

Switching from M on R, R, N is possible only through situation D.

The Steptronic system thinks for you in the following situations:
- In order to avoid an exit of frequency of rotation of the engine to inadmissible values, shortly before achievement of frequency of the rotation limited by a regulator, switching on an overgear is made.
- On low speed switching on a low gear is made without your intervention.
- Use of function of the maximum acceleration causes switching on the lowest transfer which only is possible at this frequency of rotation.

Depending on a situation, for example, in winter conditions, the troganiye from a place can be carried out on the 2nd or 3rd transfer.

Electronic control system of gear shifting

If the control lamp lights up or on the display of system of automatic diagnostics there is “Getriebenotprogramm” message (The emergency program of management of a transmission), that, means, there was a malfunction or in electronics operating switchings, or in the box.

Thus possibility of transfer of a control lever of AT in any of provisions remains, however at inclusion of a forward course the car will move only on the fourth or fifth transfer.

Therefore follows, avoiding the raised loadings, to reach to the next STOA BMW.

Works in podkapotny space by no means cannot be carried out at installation of a control lever of AT to the provision of movement.

Rules of start-up of the engine and from the external accumulator, and also towage of the faulty car are presented by towage in Poddomkrachivaniye's Section and towage.