E39 series BMW 5
since 1996-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information on control
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
Replacement of an element of the air filter
Replacement of the filter of air of salon
Check of brake system
Visual control of the bottom and body elements
Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. "Sekretki" of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
Check of a condition of driving belts
Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of an element of a food DU brelka
Check and replacement of spark plugs
Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel engine
Check of functioning of system of cooling
Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Greasing of locking devices
Visual check of seat belts
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Replacement of brake liquid
Replacement of liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling
Sediment removal, replacement of the fuel filter. Air removal from fuel system of the diesel engine
Replacement of transmission oil of a manual box of gear shifting
Replacement of lubricant liquid of differential
Check of thickness of a conducted disk of coupling
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics
Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. "Sekretki" of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel.
Rotation can be made for economy reasons not less often than through 5000 km, or at emergence of signs of non-uniform wear of protectors. However remember that in case of successful rotation of all four wheels you, eventually, should replace all tires at the same time.
Though in interests of preservation of optimum road performance to carry out rotation it is not recommended.
Address to information in the Section “Poddomkrachivaniye and towage” Introductions for the correct raising of the car and wheel change.
The car should be lifted the winch or to establish it on support that all four wheels were lifted over the earth. Make sure that the car is reliably fixed!
After the completion of procedure of rotation check and adjust pressure in tires and do not forget to check reliability of an inhaling of bolts of fastening of wheels.
Replacement and balancing of wheels
At replacement of wheels it is recommended to keep the direction of their rotation as change of the direction brings in raised to wear of tires. It is not recommended to rearrange also forward wheels back and on the contrary.
Balancing of wheels
Serial wheels pass balancing at manufacturer. Balancing is necessary for elimination of non-uniform distribution of masses and discrepancies of manufacturing of details.
At car movement neotbalansirovanny wheels lead to jolting. At high speed the steering wheel starts to shiver.
As a rule, trembling is shown in a certain range of speeds and disappears at reduction and increase in speed.
The similar phenomena lead over time to damages of hinges of a suspension bracket, the steering mechanism and shock-absorbers.
Wheels it is necessary to balance each 20 000 km of run and after each repair which lead to redistribution of masses on wheels.
Recommendations on the care of tires
Tires have "memory". It means that maloperation with them, in particular, frequent arrival on a border of the road or moving through rails, leads after a while to their damage.
Cleaning of tires
It is not recommended to clear the tire a vapor jet. If the nozzle of the device is too close to the tire, it leads to destruction of a rubber layer within several seconds even if cold water is applied. The tire which has passed such cleaning, should be replaced for the purpose of safety of operation of the car.
The tire, long time being in contact to oil or greasing is subject to replacement also. Thus the tire in these places вспучивается, then accepts a usual form and outwardly does not look damaged. However after that loading ability of the tire decreases.
Storage of tires
To store tires it is necessary in a dark, dry and cool place. Contact of tires to oil or greasing is not recommended.
Wheels should be stored in horizontal situation or be suspended for disks in garage or a cellar.
Before removal we prick it is necessary to lift in them pressure of air (on 0.3 - 0.5 bar).
It is necessary to establish winter tires on the disks.
Running in of tires
Tires have very smooth external surface. Therefore new tires should be rolled (it treats and a spare wheel). After a running in the surface of the tire becomes rough.
The first 300 km it is necessary to move with new tires especially carefully on wet roads.
To establish snow chains it is possible only on driving wheels (on a back axis). At application of wheels in the size of 17 inches installation of snow chains is impossible.
At installation of snow chains speed of movement of the car should not exceed 50 km/h. On roads, on having a snow and ice covering, snow chains are necessary for removing.
It is necessary to apply only the chains allowed by BMW firm.
Additional sekretok installation of wheels
Elimination of trembling of a wheel of the car
Trembling of a steering wheel at achievement by the car of a certain speed, as a rule, is a consequence of disbalance of wheels.
Check of radial and axial palpation of wheels
Elimination of radial palpation
Check of radial and axial palpation of disks
Installation of wheels on the car
Balancing of wheels on the car
If malfunctions completely are not eliminated, it indicates existence of radial palpation or a production defect of one or several tires. HUNDRED they are not defined by means. To eliminate them it is possible only replacement of lobbies and/or back tires. Tires should be replaced only parno on one axis.