E39 series BMW 5

since 1996-2001 of release

Repair and car operation



E39 BMW
+ Introduction
+ Maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   Introduction
   Current leaving
   General information on control
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
   Replacement of an element of the air filter
   Replacement of the filter of air of salon
   Check of brake system
   Visual control of the bottom and body elements
   Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. "Sekretki" of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of driving belts
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of an element of a food DU brelka
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel engine
   Check of functioning of system of cooling
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Greasing of locking devices
   Visual check of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Replacement of liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling
   Sediment removal, replacement of the fuel filter. Air removal from fuel system of the diesel engine
   Replacement of transmission oil of a manual box of gear shifting
   Replacement of lubricant liquid of differential
   Check of thickness of a conducted disk of coupling
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics





Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of an element of a food DU brelka

Check and leaving

At work with the battery it is necessary to undertake certain security measures. At battery banks always there is extremely an inflammable hydrogen therefore at all do not allow approach to the battery with the lit cigaret or other types of open fire. The electrolit of the battery represents solution of sulfuric acid which at hit in eyes or on open sites of a body causes serious traumas. Besides, acid corrodes clothes and paints. At battery shutdown always the first disconnect a negative wire, and connect it in the last turn!

Care of the battery is very important procedure, allowing to avoid stops in a way because of its discharge. Performance of procedure of service needs some tools.

Tools and materials necessary for care of battery

1 — obverse guards / goggles
   - at removal by a brush of traces of corrosion of a particle of crystallizing acid easily can get to eyes
2 — baking soda
   - water solution of baking soda can be used for corrosion neutralization
3 — acid-free vaseline
   - put on battery plugs the layer of vaseline will help to avoid their corrosion
4 — the adaptation for cleaning of plugs / tips of wires
   - such adaptation with a wire brush will remove all traces of corrosion from plugs of the battery and tips of wires

5 — the impregnated felt washers
   - installation of such washers on each plug of the battery directly under tips of wires will help to avoid corrosion
6 — a stripper
   - sometimes tips of wires appear to be removed very difficult from battery plugs, even after complete weakening of nuts / bolts. This tool will help to remove tips vertically up without damages
7 — the adaptation for cleaning of plugs / tips of wires
   - one more type of the smoothing-out tool, slightly changed option of point 4 which is carrying out the same functions
8 — rubber gloves
   - one more means of protection at work with the battery; remember that in the battery there is an acid!


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Before the beginning of procedure of service always at first switch off the engine and disconnect all electrodevices, then disconnect a negative wire from the battery.

If the radio receiver of your car is equipped with system of protection against theft, make sure that you gathered the correct code before a battery detachment.

2. Usually BMW cars are equipped with the batteries which are not demanding special leaving. It is possible to remove covers a banok and to add the distilled water. Latest models can be equipped with the batteries which not are not demanding leaving which are completely sealed.

3. The storage battery is in a luggage carrier under the right lateral facing. Cast away for the handle facing back.

4. Uncover over the battery. For this purpose disconnect a collar.

5. Remove covers and check electrolit level in each of a battery banok. It should be above plates approximately on 5 mm, i.e. reach approximately the bottom edge If level is lower, it is necessary to add the distilled water. For this purpose turn out jams (arrows on an accompanying illustration) and fill in liquid in everyone to bank to the labels seen in openings.
Then close covers a banok.

Overflow can lead a banok to electrolit transfusion during the accelerated charging that will cause corrosion and damage of the components next to the battery.

4. If the positive plug and a collar of a wire of the battery of your car are equipped with a rubber protector, make sure that it is not torn and not damaged. It should close the plug completely.
8 It is necessary to examine periodically an external condition of the battery on existence of such damages, as cracks in the case.
9 Check reliability of a tightening of collars of wires of the battery, providing good electric connection. Check each of wires on all length on existence of cracks and attritions of isolation and wires.

5. At detection of traces of corrosion (usually representing a friable raid of white color) disconnect wires from plugs, smooth out them a special brush and again connect. Emergence of corrosion can be minimized by installation of specially processed washers which are available on sale in shops of auto parts, or by drawing on plugs and collars of wires of a layer of acid-free vaseline or suitable greasing after their connection.
   -  Corrosion of plugs of the battery is usually shown in the form of an easy, friable powder

   -  The wire detachment from the battery plug by means of a key - sometimes when corrosion destroyed a nut, for this procedure is required special flat-nose pliers (always the first disconnect and the last connect a grounding wire!)

   -  Irrespective of adaptation type for cleaning by result always there should be a pure, brilliant surface of the plug

   -  When cleaning tips of wires it is necessary to remove all traces of corrosion (the internal part of a tip has a konusnost repeating a form of the plug of the battery therefore do not remove too much material)

4. Make sure that the pallet of the battery is in a satisfactory condition, and the bolt of a fixing collar is reliably tightened. If the battery acted in film from the pallet (address to materials of the Section Removal and installation of the storage battery, describing removal and installation procedure), track, that in an installation time on it details or other extraneous subjects did not lie. At a latching of a fixing collar do not tighten its bolt too hardly.
5. Corrosion traces from the pallet, cases of the battery and surrounding surfaces can be removed by means of water solution of baking soda. Put a mix with a small brush, let's to it stand and then wash away plentiful quantity at its finest.
6. The metal surfaces of the car which have undergone corrosion, it is necessary to cover with a first coat on a zinc basis and then to paint.

Charging

Producers recommend to remove the battery from the car for its charging since the gas which is allocating during this procedure, can damage the painted surfaces or a car interior, depending on a battery arrangement. The fast charging with the connected wires of the battery can lead to damages of electric system of the car.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Remove all covers about a battery banok (if they are available) and close openings pure rags to prevent an electrolit spillage. Disconnect a negative wire of the battery and connect charger wires to its plugs (positive to positive, negative to negative), then turn on the charger in a network. If it has the switch, make sure that it is established in situation of “12 volts”.

If the radio receiver of your car is equipped with system of protection against theft, make sure that you gathered the correct code before a battery detachment.

2. If you use the charger with a current more than two amperes, regularly check the battery during a charging to make sure that it did not overheat. Using the slow charger, you can quietly leave the battery to be charged on all night long after regular check within the first two hours. At a charging of the batteries which are not demanding leaving, certain precautionary measures (for example, use of very nizkoamperny charger) can be demanded. On such battery can be precautionary шильдик but if it is not present, address for consultation in dealer office of BMW or to the electrician from a repair truck.
3. If banks of the battery have the demountable covers, each hour within the last several hours of a charging cycle check electrolit density by means of the areometer. Inexpensive areometers are available on sale in shops of auto parts - at their application follow enclosed instructions. It is possible to consider the battery charged if within two hours indicators of density of its electrolit do not change, and the electrolit in banks freely bubbles. The electrolit density in separate banks should be almost identical. If this not so, means, one or several banok of the battery failed and it is necessary to replace them.
4. Some batteries not demanding leaving have above built-in areometer having a window - the color indicator of degree of a charging of the battery. The usually brightly painted window means that the battery is completely charged, and dark color testifies to need of an additional charging. More exact instructions are provided in the instruction of the manufacturer of the battery.
5. If the battery is sealed and has no built-in areometer, you can check charging degree by means of connected to plugs of the battery of the digital voltmeter. Completely charged battery will show 12.6 and more than a volts.

Fuller information on the battery and on engine start from an auxiliary source can be found in Head Electric equipment of the engine and in Introduction.

Replacement of an element of a food brelka of remote control

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Replace the battery if on the indicator of self-diagnostics there is "Funkschluessel-Batt" message. (Radio key battery)

Remote control should be initialized, if replacement of the battery lasted more than one minute, address to materials below.

2. Remove a casing a small screw-driver. Address to an accompanying illustration
3. Turn out two screws and uncover.

4. Replace the battery with the battery of the same type (CR1220 type). Thus observe polarity. Establish the battery in too situation, as old.
5. Fix a cover screws, fix a casing.
6. If necessary initialize remote control

 

Transmitter initialization

After replacement of batteries the transmitter of remote radio management should be newly initialized (in it, however, there is no need if replacement took no more than a minute and thus any button) was not pressed. Told treats the new transmitter (for example if the old breaks).

Operation is carried out in the following order.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Sit down at a wheel and close behind itself a door
2. Having inserted a key into the ignition lock, for a while (at most for 5 seconds) turn it in situation 1, and then turn in situation 0
3. Take a key from the lock, press and hold the button 1 on the transmitter. Within 10 seconds execute three consecutive short-term pressing the button 2, without releasing, however, thus the button 1
4. Release the button 1
5. Operation of the uniform lock on locking with the subsequent immediate unlocking will be a signal of successful initialization of the transmitter

If to reaction of the uniform lock will not follow, process of initialization is necessary for repeating.

If you have some transmitters, all of them (no more than four) also are subject to initialization within 30 seconds everyone. Thus do not make manipulations with a key in the ignition lock.

At malfunctions address on STOA BMW where it is possible to get spare transmitters.

Do not allow unauthorized using the DU panel, transferring it, for example, to the employee of parking in hotel. For this purpose use only a key 3 from a door and the lock of ignition or a spare key.