E39 series BMW 5

since 1996-2001 of release

Repair and car operation



E39 BMW
+ Introduction
+ Maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   Introduction
   Current leaving
   General information on control
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
   Replacement of an element of the air filter
   Replacement of the filter of air of salon
   Check of brake system
   Visual control of the bottom and body elements
   Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. "Sekretki" of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of driving belts
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of an element of a food DU brelka
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel engine
   Check of functioning of system of cooling
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Greasing of locking devices
   Visual check of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Replacement of liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling
   Sediment removal, replacement of the fuel filter. Air removal from fuel system of the diesel engine
   Replacement of transmission oil of a manual box of gear shifting
   Replacement of lubricant liquid of differential
   Check of thickness of a conducted disk of coupling
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics


Космонавты, Космонавты



Replacement of liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling

EACH 3 YEARS, IRRESPECTIVE OF RUN

Do not allow antifreeze hit on your skin and the painted surfaces of the car. At hit immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water. Antifreeze is extremely toxic and mortally dangerous at hit in an organism. Do not leave antifreeze in the open container or spilled on a floor; its sweetish smell can easily involve in itself children or pets. Consult about local rules of utilization of the fulfilled antifreeze. In many areas there are special centers for its acceptance.

The system of cooling should regularly, each three years within carrying out Maintenance, be drained, washed out and again be filled. This procedure is made for maintenance of quality of an okhladitelny mix and the prevention of formation of corrosion which reduces overall performance of system of cooling and can serve as an engine cause of failure. During service of system of cooling it is necessary to check also a condition of all hoses and a cover of a radiator and in case of need to replace defective components.

At work you need the following tool:
   a) Jack and supports.
   b) Big flat screw-driver or coin.
   c) Cap key or set of heads.
   d) Capacity for collecting liquid.

- including a warm season - it is necessary to apply a mix to system filling from antifreeze and not containing lime at its finest. It is best of all to apply the distilled water excluding emergence of deposits to this purpose. Antifreeze should be resolved by BMW firm and should not contain some nitrites and аминов (it should be specified on packing).

For movement continuation on the car, in particular, in the summer in system it is possible to add pure water. Antifreeze can be added later, but as soon as possible.

As consolidation of a drain stopper of the block of cylinders the aluminum ring And 14 x 18 is applied.

Liquid removal from system

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. If the car just returned from a trip, before the beginning of procedure wait some hours before complete cooling of the engine.
3. A heater in salon put on the maximum capacity.
4. After the engine cooled down, uncover a radiator. If the cover has to be opened, when the engine cooled down not completely, do it slowly and with observance of precautions to avoid burns, and remove thus pressure in system. Then unscrew a stopper completely and remove it.

The system of cooling is under pressure. The stopper acts in film only at temperature of cooling liquid below + 60°С. For removal of a stopper put on it a thick rag.

5. Lift and establish a forward part of the car on supports. Remove the bottom guard of an impellent compartment, address to the Section Check of system of cooling.

6. Substitute under a radiator pure capacity and unscrew a drain stopper of a radiator. The stopper turns away a big flat screw-driver or a coin. Address to an accompanying illustration.

7. Substitute under the engine capacity and turn out a drain stopper (the shooter on an accompanying illustration) on the block of cylinders. The stopper is under a final collector.

8. Completely merge liquid. While the cooler pours out, check a condition of hoses of a radiator, a heater and collars (if necessary address to the Section Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and a steering).
9. Replace defective hoses and collars.

Cooling liquid is poisonous. To throw out it, in particular, with a household waste it is impossible. Information on the locations of points of reception should be presented by local authorities.

10. Screw a drain stopper with new laying in the block of cylinders and tighten it the moment of 40 Nanometers.
11. A drain stopper on a radiator tighten slightly. For this purpose it is possible to use a coin inserted into a cut of a stopper.

Washing

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. After complete drainage of system wash out a radiator pure water from a garden hose so that from a drain opening or the bottom hose pure water poured out. If the radiator strongly rusted, is damaged or proceeds, it is necessary to remove and send it in repair shop to the expert in radiators.
2. The washing described above will remove various deposits from a radiator, but cannot remove a rust and a scum from surfaces of the engine and a cooling pipe. It is possible to remove all this by means of a chemical cleaner. For performance of this procedure follow instructions of the manufacturer of a cleaner. Before washing of the engine open a drain stopper of the block of cylinders.
3. On respectively equipped models remove perelivny a hose from a broad tank. Drain a tank, wash out it pure water and connect a hose.

System filling with liquid

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Fill in a broad tank to edges with new cooling liquid.

2. Open a ventilating stopper (the arrow on an accompanying illustration) above at a radiator, near a broad tank, will not go yet the liquid which is not containing vials of air.

3. Open a stopper (the arrow on an accompanying illustration) on a tube of cooling liquid around the oil filter, will not go yet the liquid which is not containing vials of air.

4. Close ventilating jams and add liquid in a broad tank.
5. 525tds: here air removal from system occurs automatically via the top pipeline of a separate broad tank. Ventilating jams here are not present.
6. Close a broad tank a stopper. Operation of the engine with an open stopper since it can lead to damages is not allowed.
7. Start the engine. Establish a heater in the situation "WARM" (Warmly) and warm up the engine. Tolchkoobraznymi in pressing a pedal of gas support number of turns of the engine not less than 2500 rpm. In the course of air removal from system level of cooling liquid will fall to a mark of Max put on a broad tank.
8. Switch off ignition.

Add liquid in system after engine cooling. Otherwise at an otvorachivaniye of a stopper the burn is possible!

9. On the cold engine fill in liquid to a mark of Max of a broad tank, address to Section illustrations “Check of level of cooling liquid”.
10. Once again open ventilating jams and check, that liquid left without air vials. Close a stopper of a radiator and ventilating jams.
11. Check visually tightness of system of cooling, in particular, accession of hoses and a drain stopper.

Check of frost resistance of antifreeze

The following tool is necessary for check:
The device for check of density of the cooling liquid, available on sale or at filling stations.

Before the beginning of a winter season it is necessary to check concentration of antifreeze, especially, if in system in the course of previous operation pure water was added.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Start and warm up the engine so that the top hose going to a radiator got warm.
2. Carefully open a stopper of a broad tank.

Do not open a stopper on the hot engine, see instructions in the Section “Check of level of cooling liquid”.

3. Suck away liquid the device for check of density and check density according to float indications. Address to an accompanying illustration. In our widths antifreeze should protect system to temperature - 35°С. It corresponds to a volume ratio of water and antifreeze 1:1.

Addition in system of a concentrate of BMW

The radiator of system of cooling and heater are executed from aluminum. For this reason it is necessary to apply only means to protection against freezing and the corrosion, resolved by BMW firm.

At addition of an antifrizny concentrate use data of Specifications.

For example: Measurement of concentration of antifreeze shows protection against freezing to - 10°С. In this case from system it is necessary to merge 3.0 l of liquid and to fill in 3.0 l of a pure concentrate. It will provide protection of system of cooling to temperature - 35°С. Address to Specifications.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Close a radiator stopper, pass on the car and again check antifreeze.
Visual check of tightness of system of cooling
2. Check hoses of system of cooling on existence of a time. For this purpose compress and bend them. In the presence of the increased rigidity of a hose replace it.
3. Hoses should come rather far on the union. Check reliability of fastening of hoses collars. If necessary replace collars.
4. Check consolidation of a stopper of a broad tank.

Low level of cooling liquid can be a consequence of the wrong navinchivaniye of a stopper of a tank.

5. If level of cooling liquid often goes down without existence of any obvious leak check system at the heated-up engine. If on the heated-up engine liquid follows from an opening under the pump of cooling liquid, the reason in damage of an epiploon of the pump. Replace the pump.
6. Considerable loss of cooling liquid and/or availability of oil in liquids, and also a white exhaust on the heated-up engine indicate damage of laying of a head of cylinders.

To find a place of leakage of liquid it is rather difficult. It is recommended to inspect system pressure. It is recommended to check also a safety valve of a stopper, address to the Section Check of system of cooling.