E39 series BMW 5
since 1996-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information on control
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
Replacement of an element of the air filter
Replacement of the filter of air of salon
Check of brake system
Visual control of the bottom and body elements
Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. "Sekretki" of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
Check of a condition of driving belts
Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of an element of a food DU brelka
Check and replacement of spark plugs
Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel engine
Check of functioning of system of cooling
Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Greasing of locking devices
Visual check of seat belts
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Replacement of brake liquid
Replacement of liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling
Sediment removal, replacement of the fuel filter. Air removal from fuel system of the diesel engine
Replacement of transmission oil of a manual box of gear shifting
Replacement of lubricant liquid of differential
Check of thickness of a conducted disk of coupling
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics
Check of levels of liquids
Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, brake and systems of washing of a windscreen. In view of a gradual expense and/or pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Familiarize with the Section “Types and volumes of applied greasings and liquids” in Specifications before starting a liquid dolivaniye in any of the listed components.
The card of viscosity of applied impellent oils
Visual control of leakages of oil
At engine pollution by oil and the raised consumption of oil check places of its possible leaks.
In the presence of a leakage oil is distributed, as a rule, on a big surface of the engine that complicates definition of a place of leak. Search of a place of leakage of oil is necessary for making as follows:
Check of level of impellent oil
Oil level in the engine should be checked each 1000 km of run. If necessary oil is necessary for adding.
The consumption of oil should not exceed 1 l on 1000 km of run. The bigger expense indicates wear of maslootrazhatelny caps.
Check of level of oil is important preventive procedure. Continuous falling of level of oil indicates or existence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or weakened connections, or on its burning out (internal leaks through worn-out piston rings or via directing plugs of valves). Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy color or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it indicates possible violation of tightness of laying of a head of cylinders or crack existence in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Each time at measurement of level of oil before edge rubbing щупа carry out on it big and index hand fingers. If will be thus found stuck on щуп particles of dirt or metal particles, oil it is necessary to replace (address to the Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter)
All cars considered in this Management, are equipped with cooling system with superfluous pressure of compensatory type. The broad tank is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator. In process of an engine warming up in the course of its work the extending cooler fills a tank. When cooling engine the cooler automatically arrives back in cooling system that provides maintenance of constant value of its level.
Check of level of a cooler in the tank should be made regularly. Add 40 %/60 %-nuyu an antifreeze mix on a basis этиленгликоля from not containing lime pure water.
Banish the car and again measure cooler level. If to the necessary level it is required to add only small amount of a cooler, for this purpose it is possible to use pure water. However frequent additions of water will dilute antifreeze. To provide a normal ratio of antifreeze and water, always add to the necessary level a demanded mix.
If level of a cooler falls regularly, in system leak existence is possible. Examine a radiator, hoses, a cover of a mouth, a stopper plum and the water pump (address to the Section Replacement of liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling) If any leaks it is not revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a broad tank and a radiator in dealer office of the BMW service.
If you need to uncover, wait, while the engine completely will cool down, then wrap up a piece of thick rags round a cover and unscrew it to the first emphasis. If thus from under a cover steam or a cooler starts to escape, let's to the engine cool down a little more, and only then uncover.
It is necessary to check a cooler condition also. It should be rather pure. If liquid has brown or rusty color, it it is necessary to merge, wash out system and to fill it with a new mix. Even if the cooler looks normally, inhibitors of corrosion entering into its structure lose over time the efficiency therefore it is necessary to replace it through certain periods.
Check tightness if liquid level quickly goes down, address to the Section Check of system of cooling.
Brake liquid and coupling liquid
The tank of brake liquid/liquid of a hydraulic actuator of coupling is in an impellent compartment. It has two chambers, everyone on the contour of braking. The carving stopper has a ventilating opening. It is necessary to watch that it did not get littered.
The tank transparent that allows to watch liquid level in it. Decrease in level below a mark of MIN is signaled the driver by fire of a control lamp. Nevertheless, it is recommended to supervise from time to time the tank visually.
Check of operability of a control lamp
Liquid of a washer of a windscreen
Liquid for washing of a windscreen is in the plastic tank on the right in an impellent compartment.
In areas with a temperate climate it is possible to fill system with usual water, but the tank should be filled no more, than on two thirds that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water when freezing. In areas with cold climatic conditions it is necessary to use special antifreeze for system of washing of the windscreen, reducing a freezing point of liquid which can be got in any shop of automobile accessories. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready look. If you got the concentrated antifreeze, mix it with water according to the instruction of the producer on packing.